Cell Polarity and Subcellular RNA Localization (Results and Problems in Cell Differentiation) by Dietmar Richter

Cover of: Cell Polarity and Subcellular RNA Localization (Results and Problems in Cell Differentiation) | Dietmar Richter

Published by Springer .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Cellular biology,
  • Genetics (non-medical),
  • Cell Differentiation,
  • Rna (Ribonucleic Acid),
  • Science,
  • Science/Mathematics,
  • Life Sciences - Biochemistry,
  • Life Sciences - Biology - General,
  • Research,
  • DNA translation,
  • RNA Localization,
  • RNA Transport,
  • Science / Biology,
  • cell development,
  • Life Sciences - Cytology,
  • Carrier proteins,
  • Cytoskeletal proteins,
  • Physiological transport,
  • Polarity (Biology),
  • RNA

Book details

The Physical Object
FormatHardcover
Number of Pages221
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL12774524M
ISBN 103540411429
ISBN 109783540411420

Download Cell Polarity and Subcellular RNA Localization (Results and Problems in Cell Differentiation)

Selective cytoplasmic organelle and protein targeting has long been thought to constitute the sole determinant of cell polarity and complexity. This view has been changed, however, by the discovery of differential subcellular RNA distribution : Paperback.

Cell Polarity and Subcellular RNA Localization (Results and Problems in Cell Differentiation Book 34) - Kindle edition by Dietmar Richter. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Cell Polarity and Subcellular RNA Localization (Results and Problems in Cell Differentiation Book 34).

Selective cytoplasmic organelle and protein targeting has long been thought to constitute the sole determinant of cell polarity and complexity. This view has been changed, however, by the discovery of differential subcellular RNA distribution patterns. Over the past decade it has become clear that.

ISBN: OCLC Number: Description: xii, pages: illustrations ; 24 cm. Contents: Localization of mRNAs at synaptic sites on dendrites / Oswald Steward, Paul Worley --Long-lasting hippocampal plasticity: cellular model for memory consolidation / J.U.

Frey --Neuronal RNA localization and the cytoskeleton / Gary J. Bassell, Robert H. Singer --Transcription. For this reason, a book on Cell Polarity and Subcellular RNA Localization, as edited by Dietmar Richter, is very welcome.

It provides both students and more experienced scientists with an excellent opportunity to quickly catch up with the facts and their underlying : Michael Kiebler, Paolo Macchi.

Cell Polarity And Subcellular Rna Localization is wrote by Dietmar Richter. Release on by Springer Science & Business Media, this book has page count thatFile Size: KB. Subcellular mRNA localization has been observed in a wide variety of organisms and cell types (Buxbaum et al., ; Lecuyer et al., ).

Subsets of mRNA species containing “RNA localization signals” (or “zipcodes”) are targeted to discrete locations in the cytoplasm by the action of cytoskeletal motors and otherFile Size: 2MB. Introduction. mRNA localisation is a common and conserved means of targeting proteins to their site of Cell Polarity and Subcellular RNA Localization book, and is important in a diverse range of cellular and developmental functions (reviewed in Medioni et al., ) with clear links to human diseases (Jeibmann et al., ).Cited by: Cell Polarity and Subcellular RNA Localization.

por. Results and Problems in Cell Differentiation (Book 34) ¡Gracias por compartir. Has enviado la siguiente calificación y reseña. Lo publicaremos en nuestro sitio después de haberla : Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Get this from a library. Cell Polarity and Subcellular RNA Localization. [Dietmar Richter] -- Selective cytoplasmic organelle and protein targeting has long been thought to constitute the sole determinant of cell polarity and complexity. This view has been changed, however, by the discovery.

Growth Cone Xenopus Oocyte mRNA Localization Neuronal Growth Cone Growth Cone Motility. These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check by:   Together, the localization patterns of the (+)- and (−)-strands of PSTVd in the infected cultured cells and plants suggest that viroid transcription occurs in the nucleoplasm, consistent with the nucleoplasmic localization of the purported RNA polymerase by: For example, localization of crumbs RNA is required for targeting of Crumbs (a transmembrane protein) to the apical membrane of Drosophila follicle epithelial cells [ 6 ].

Similarly, RNA localization is required for targeting of integrin α3 to peripheral adhesion complexes in epithelial cells [ 53 ].Cited by: Figure 1. (a) ZBP1- and APC-mediated RNA localization pathways in a migrating cell, illustrating movement of ZBP1 and APC complexes along cytoskeletal elements; and an outline of Cell Polarity and Subcellular RNA Localization book Wnt signaling.

(b) Association of APC with distinct cellular by: Cytoplasmic RNA localization is a means to create polarity by restricting protein expression to a discrete subcellular location. RNA localization is a multistep process that begins with the recognition of cis-acting sequences within the RNA by specific trans-factors, and RNAs are localized in ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complexes that contain both the RNA and numerous protein by:   Subcellular localization of messenger RNAs (mRNAs) can give precise control over where protein products are synthesized and operate.

However, just 10 years ago many in the broader cell biology community would have considered this a specialized mechanism restricted to a very small fraction of transcripts. Since then, it has become clear that subcellular targeting of mRNAs is Cited by: Rac1 is a small GTPase that belongs to the Rho family.

The Rho family of small GTPases is a subfamily of the Ras superfamily. The Rho family of GTPases mediate a plethora of cellular effects, including regulation of cytoarchitecture, cell size, cell adhesion, cell polarity, cell motility, proliferation, apoptosis/survival, and membrane by: 7. Cell polarity in development often relies on mechanisms of RNA localization to specific subcellular domains to define the identity of future developing : Douglas W Houston.

Relative location of expansin mRNA signal and the nucleus in a single cell. Longitudinal section in situ hybridized with the ZeExp3 antisense probe was stained with DAPI to visualize the nucleus under UV light (B).

The section was observed under a combination of Cited by:   Live imaging of transcription and RNA dynamics has been successful in cultured cells and tissues of vertebrates but is challenging to accomplish in vivo.

The zebrafish offers important advantages to study these processes – optical transparency during embryogenesis, genetic tractability and rapid development. Therefore, to study transcription and RNA dynamics in an intact vertebrate organism Cited by: Cell polarity in development often relies on mechanisms of RNA localization to specific subcellular domains to define the identity of future developing tissues.

Subcellular localization of messenger RNAs (mRNAs) can give precise control over where protein products are synthesized and operate. However, just 10 years ago many in the broader cell biology community would have considered this a specialized mechanism restricted to Cited by:   The physiological significance of β -actin mRNA localization in determining cell polarity and directional motility.

Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. – ().Cited by: 1. Human T cell leukemia virus (HTLV)-1 Tax (Tax) protein is very important in viral replication and cell transformation.

Tax localizes in the nucleus and cytoplasm in association with organelles. Some activities of Tax depend on interactions with PDZ (PSD/Discs Large/Z) domain–containing proteins such as Discs large protein 1 (DLG1) which is involved in cell polarity and by: 4.

Cell polarity is essential for the development of multicellular organisms, and its establishment depends on the coordination of local and tissue-level or organismal-level : Kim Baumann. Mammalian cells. mRNA localization in fibroblasts.

β-actin mRNA localization has been identified in several mammalian systems (Lawrence and Singer, ).In migrating fibroblasts, β-actin mRNA is localized to the leading edge of the cells (Lawrence and Singer, ).This correlates with the elevated levels of β-actin protein required in lamellipodia, which depend on the rapid polymerization.

Spatial and temporal localization of macromolecules, including RNAs, reflects the compartmentalization of living cells and plays important roles in gene expression and regulation.

In eukaryotic cells, physical separation between the transcription and translation machineries in the nucleus and cytoplasm, respectively, naturally results in the synthesis, processing, and translation of mRNA to be Cited by: 4.

Among many glycoproteins within the plant secretory system, KORRIGAN1 (KOR1), a membrane-anchored endo-β-1,4-glucanase involved in cellulose biosynthesis, provides a link between N- glycosylation, cell wall biosynthesis, and abiotic stress tolerance.

After insertion into the endoplasmic reticulum, KOR1 cycles between the trans -Golgi network (TGN) and the plasma membrane (PM). Cited by: 2. Many epithelia are characterized by a coordinated polarization of cells along the plane of the tissue, called planar cell polarity (PCP).

This property has been extensively studied in Drosophila, where many actors involved in this process have been l to this process is the “core” PCP pathway, which involves the transmembrane proteins Frizzled (Fz), Strabismus/Van Gogh Cited by: RNA localization has also been demonstrated in a variety of other systems.

In Drosophila, localization of bicoid and nanos RNA is required for establishment of the anterior/posterior axis of the embryo (for review see St Johnston and Nüsslein-Volhard, ).In Xenopus, several different RNAs are localized during creation of the dorsal/ventral axis in the oocyte (for review see Melton et al Cited by:   Localization of mRNAs at the subcellular level is an essential mechanism for specific protein targeting and local control of protein synthesis in both eukaryotes and bacteria.

While mRNA localization is well documented in metazoans, somatic cells, and microorganisms, only a handful of well-defined mRNA localization examples have been reported in vascular plants and by: 1.

The cytoskeleton plays an important role in numerous cellular processes, including subcellular mRNA localization and translation. Several examples of mRNA localization have emerged in plant cells, and these appear to function in protein targeting, the establishment of polarity, and cell-to-cell by:   The cell cycle-dependent localization of ASH1 mRNA is similar to the transient localization of a number of polarity determinants (Pringle et al., ), including Bni1p and Bud6p.

Both proteins act to establish cell polarity through the actin cytoskeleton as well as to maintain ASH1 mRNA localization (see below). Animals specify primordial germ cells (PGCs) in two alternate modes: preformation and epigenesis. Epigenesis relies on signal transduction from the surrounding tissues to instruct a group of cells to acquire PGC identity.

Preformation, thought to be the more derived PGC specification mode, is instead based on the maternal inheritance of germ cell-determining by: 6. INTRODUCTION. Cells can monitor and respond to changes in the state of their organelles. In the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), for example, there is a stress-related signal transduction pathway that responds to the accumulation of unfolded proteins in the lumen of the ER, activating expression of genes encoding some ER-resident proteins, such as the chaperone BiP (for review, see.

Diverse mechanisms and functions of posttranscriptional regulation by small regulatory RNAs and RNA-binding proteins have been described in bacteria.

In contrast, little is known about the spatial organization of RNAs in bacterial cells. In eukaryotes, subcellular localization and transport of RNAs play important roles in diverse physiological processes, such as embryonic patterning Cited by: 4.

Phosphorylation is a powerful mechanism for cells to control the function and subcellular localization of a target protein, and multiple kinases have played critical roles in cell polarity.

Among them, atypical protein kinase C (aPKC) is likely the most studied kinase in cell polarity and has the largest. Journal of Cell Science, ISSN09/, VolumeIs pp. - Discs large homolog 1 (DLG1), also known as synapse-associated protein 97 or SAP97, is a scaffold protein that in humans is encoded by the SAP97 gene.

SAP97 is a mammalian MAGUK-family member protein that is similar to the Drosophila protein Dlg1 (the protein is alternatively referred to as hDlg1, and the human gene is DLG1). SAP97 is expressed throughout the body in epithelial s: DLG1, DLGH1, SAP, SAP97.

Polarized cell migration plays a pivotal role in the development and repair of tissues. PI3K, Rho GTPases, and actin filaments are known to be involved in a positive feedback loop that induces and maintains cell polarity. Here, we show that the pleckstrin homology and RhoGEF domain containing G3 (PLEKHG3) selectively binds to newly polymerized actin and that this interaction exerts Cited by:.

Compartmentalization in Cells Compartmentalization in cells Cells are not an amorphous mixture of proteins, lipids and other molecules. Instead, all cells are comprised of well-defined compartments, each specializing in a particular function. In many cases subcellular processes may be described based on whether they occur at the plasma membrane, within the cytosol or within membrane bound.Dr.

Mili discovered a localization pathway that targets RNAs at cellular protrusions. RNAs targeted through this pathway depend for their localization on the APC tumor-suppressor and are deregulated by pathologic RNA granules associated with neurodegeneration.

The goal of her lab is to understand the regulation, functional consequences and disease associations of localized.Cell polarity establishment is crucial for proliferation.

Species of Drophosphila rely of on the Gurken localization signal and EGF-R to succesfully establish anterior-posterior polarity to promote proliferation of cells.

Mechanism of Action. Cell polarity between Drosophila embryo and ovum isDomain(s): Eukaryota.

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